Discipleship in its simplest form can be summed up in this way. Take the definition of discipleship from Matthew 4:19.
A disciple is one who is following Jesus, being changed by Jesus, and doing the work of Jesus.
In what ways do I know how to follow Jesus? How can I teach someone else to do the same ways?
In what ways do I know how to let Jesus change me? How can I teach someone else to do the same?
In what ways do I know how to do the work of Jesus? In what ways am I doing the work of Jesus? How can I teach someone else to do the same? (Hint: this is basically what Eph 4:11-12 is talking about. How can we equip the saints so they are able to do the work of Christ?)
I encourage you to set aside some time this week and honestly answered these three questions. If you do you will be well on your way to make disciples more effectively. There is more to it than that, but it is also that simple.